Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP, 2022)
Population (UNFPA, 2023)
277.5 milion
Total number of volunteers (ILO, 2018)
Direct volunteering (ILO, 2018)
No data
Organization-based (ILO, 2018)
No data

Volunteer statistics (ILO)*

Source: ILOSTATS. The data is collected by ILO from national statistical offices. As national statistics on volunteer work are produced using a variety of approaches and tools, direct and cross-country comparisons are not recommended. For more information, visit

Total volunteering by type

Total volunteering by age group

Total volunteering by gender

Direct volunteering by gender

Organization-based volunteering by gender

Measurement work

Data source

  • 2007
  • 2008
  • 2009
  • 2010
  • 2011
  • 2012
  • 2013
  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2016
  • 2017
    • Labour Force Survey
  • 2018
    • Labour Force Survey
  • 2019
  • 2020
  • 2021
  • 2022
  • 2023
  • 2024

Laws, Policies, Schemes on Volunteering

Does the country have a piece of legislation on volunteering?


Regulation of the Minister of Social Affairs Number 14 of 2020 concerning the Practice Standards of Social Works

Year 2020
View source

The Regulation of the Agency for the Protection of Indonesian Migrant Workers Number 1 of 2022 concerning Volunteer Communities of Indonesian Migrant Workers

Year 2022
View source

The Regulation of the Maritime Security Agency Number 13 of 2021 concerning Sea Guard Volunteers

Year 2021
View source

The Regulation of the National Narcotics Agency Number 8 of 2018 concerning the Competency Standards of Anti-Narcotics Volunteers

Year 2018
View source

Law No. 9 of 1964 - Indonesian Volunteer Movement

Year 1964
View source

Does the country have a national policy, scheme, plan or strategy specific to volunteering?

No data

Does the country have a sectoral and cross-sectoral policy, scheme, plan or strategy that mentions volunteering?


Name of specific policy, strategy or plan on volunteering at the national level. Year created Source link What are the relevant SDG areas/crosscutting themes of the policy, plan scheme or strategy?
Law No. 24 of 2007 on Disaster Management 2007 View source
Law No. 14 of 2019 on Social Workers 2019 View source
Circular Letter Number 8 of 2020 concerning Villages Responding to Covid-19 and Affirmation of Village Cash Intensive Work 2020 View source
Joint Decree of the Minister of PPA, Minister of Home Affairs, Minister of Village PDTT, Minister of Social Affairs, and Head of BKKBN Number 12 of 2020 concerning Synergy of Programs for Protection of Women and Children During the Covid-19 Pandemic 2020 View source
Regulation of the Minister of Villages, Development of Disadvantaged Regions, and Transmigration Number 14 of 2020 concerning the Third Amendment to the Regulation of the Minister of Villages for Development of Disadvantaged Regions 2020 View source

VNR Reporting

Voluntary National Review “Eradicating Poverty and Promoting Prosperity in a Changing World”

View source

Reporting positive contribution of volunteering to the SDGs

Paragraph 1, page 16

The provision of basic services for social disaster victims at the disaster site cannot be separated from the strong and dedicated support of youth social volunteers (Taruna Siaga Bencana/Tagana) and pioneer staff. The size of pioneer staff that have been established and received training has increased from 100 persons in 2010 to 295 persons in 2014. Indonesia is committed to regularly monitor SDGs achievement, engage young generation, and work with the global community toenhance the achievement of SDGs

No mention

Empowering People and Ensuring Inclusiveness and Equality

View source

Reporting positive contribution of volunteering to the SDGs

Paragraph 1, page 130

Contingency planning and field testing are activities held in the pre-disaster phase. These activities are needed to measure the preparedness in facing the possibility of disasters, including community preparedness. The facilitation of 5000 volunteers throughout Indonesia and the promotion of DRR forum establishment have also been conducted to achieve self-reliance on disaster management. [...] Efforts to ensure the principle of "no one left behind" in disaster management is carried out by involving persons with disabilities as actors in disaster mitigation. Good practices have been carried out, among others, through the establishment of the Difagana (difabel siaga bencana) volunteer group in Yogyakarta Province and the establishment of Disability Inclusion Services Unit (LIDi, Layanan Inklusi Disabilitas) in disaster management in Central Java Province.

Paragraph 2, page 128

The Indonesian Disaster Risk Index (IRBI) declined by 16.06 percent from 2015 to 2017. Then in 2018 as a result of the implementation of programs and disaster management activities carried out by 32 Ministries/Institutions in collaboration with local governments, communities, volunteers, and business owners, the IRBI declined to 128.8 or equivalent to 23.97 percent compared to 2015 numbers.  

No mention

Indonesia's Voluntary National Review (VNR) 2021

View source

Reporting positive contribution of volunteering to the SDGs

Reporting on volunteering connected to matters of gender equality, women's empowerment or similar

Paragraph 1, page 6

 In addition to the development of the VNR, the UN System, under coordination of the UN Resident Coordinator, also facilitated the indepth analysis of the nine Goals under review, including specific processing of disaggregated statistical data sourced from Statistics Indonesia, to ensure analyses includes data of vulnerable groups, including the poorest, women, children, and people with disabilities, provided result of the Survey Report on Volunteering in Indonesia, which encompasses all Goals – volunteering as cross cutting.

Paragraph 2, page 10

In the discussions, the independent team emphasized that good practices included in the analysis discussion in the 2021 VNR as shown in the box must show sustainability, promote local wisdom, nurture social capital, reflect social diversity, target vulnerable groups, encourage movements in the public, including community volunteering, be a good and replicable example, not only domestically but also for internationally if possible, and reflect innovation.

Paragraph 3, page 11

Focus group discussions with 28 volunteers involving organizations and 5 volunteers were also organized as part of the ‘Survey Report on Volunteering in Indonesia’ by the IndoRelawan and with support of UNV.Participants shared their experience while implementing volunteer programmes and volunteering for socio-economic and environmental activities. Numerous good practices of volunteering related to education, COVID-19 response, environment were shared. Mutual benefits of volunteering for society as well as recommendations to further nurture volunteering culture in Indonesia were also collected to enable more citizen to take part in acceleration of SDGs implementation through volunteering.

Paragraph 4, page 20

Volunteers’ contributions in Indonesia for acceleration of SDGs are significant. Volunteering survey was carried out by IndoRelawan and UNV covered 129 volunteer organizations and 351 volunteers across the country. The survey report shows the trends of volunteering, with various examples, in Indonesia between 2019 and early 2021 including in times of COVID-19 pandemic. It is the first if its kind report on volunteering in Indonesia produced through online survey conducted throughout the country. In the time frame between 2019 and the beginning of 2021, 31,91% spent less than 10 hours, 24,78% of respondents spent more than 90 hours in total when volunteering. The pandemic did not stop volunteers’ spirit and actions. Most of volunteering activities during the COVID-19 were targeted at Goal 1, Goal 2, Goal 3, Goal 4, Goal 16, and Goal 17 in the form of educational campaigns through social media (59,5%), distribution of health safety equipment (53,7%) and packages (52,4%), fundraising for the cause (42,9%), and conducting online classes (27,4%). All these efforts targeted poor communities, children, the elderly, vulnerable.

Paragraph 5, page 98

A qualitative assessment of this program performance indicated that the target group families were able to farm on home yard empty yards that produce nutritious food (horticulture product) for family consumption. Volunteers had a vital role in empowering these family members, mainly women.

Paragraph 6, page 144

This program was implemented by Sehat Jiwa Bahagia in early 2021, in the form of virtual activities in 10 schools in Indonesia. The COVID-19 pandemic crisis has an impact on the social and psychological activities of the community. [...] Sehat Jiwa provided modules through training to build students’ psychological flexibility and offered skills to assist them to maintain their mental health conditions during the pandemic. The module was adapted from the well-being curriculum developed by Sehat Jiwa in 2018 to increase the resilience and psychological well-being of adolescents in Indonesia. The parties involved included Sehat Jiwa volunteers and facilitators, youth influencers, Talkmore community.[...]

Paragraph 7, page 10

This joint decision aims to strengthen the synergy in handling Covid-19 through collaboration with regional task forces, village volunteers, Hope Family Program (PKH) program assistants, social workers, family planning extension workers, Family Planning Field Extension (PLKB), BKB Cadres, BKL Cadres, BKR Cadres, PATBM, Puspaga, Puspa, and volunteers. other. Prioritize deterrence. and handling the spread of Covid-19 by taking into account the special needs of women, children and vulnerable groups.

Paragraph 8, page 37

This regulation changes the priority of using village funds that are adjusted to include non-natural disasters, such as Covid-19. The use of village funds in tackling Covid-19 can be used to form village volunteers against Covid-19, direct cash assistance from village funds, emergency response activities, and so on.

Paragraph 9, page 38

This regulation regulates the implementation of Covid-19 response villages and the implementation of village cash labor intensive (PKTD) with village funds. This regulation details the duties of village volunteers against Covid-19. [...] The Minister regulates the technical data collection of prospective families who receive BLT-Village Funds by establishing data collectors (village volunteers with a minimum number of 3 people), prospective recipients (poor families recorded in DTKS, non PKH, non BPNT, and have a NIK. If not included in DTKS then added for updating DTKS), as well as procedures for data collection and reporting

Paragraph 10, page 286

BUMMAS agribusiness which is engaged in sustainable agriculture/livestock and trading business development. The parties involved in this program are Rumah Zakat’s Inspiration Volunteers as empowerment facilitators, as well as individual and group/institution beneficiaries that are established collectively. In 2020, Entrepreneurial Assistance program has assisted 2,809 beneficiaries with an average of IDR1,626,608.00 for each beneficiary. In addition, Rumah Zakat currently has 196 BUMMAS with 2,900 members.

Paragraph 11, page

While MCCC provided psychologist in the national level for online specialist counselling, ‘Aisyiyah provided volunteers in 14 provinces to perform an online/virtual Psychological First Aid (PFA) and refer more complex mental and psychosocial cases to the psychologist. These volunteers were recruited and given brief training and workshop about how to assess the stress level of the clients and how to provide the PFA. The workshop was done on the same event with the launching of the program. It was attended by all the PFA volunteers, patient supporters, and some representatives of Tuberculosis patients and families. The launching event’s main purpose was to introduce the MHPSS services to the Tuberculosis -affected people so that they know where to seek help whenever they feel the fear of the stress. The results obtained were: 1. 15 PFA volunteers were recruited with one in national level, and the other 14 in ‘Aisyiyah’s Community TB care program areas. 2. By the end of the 6-week pilot program, there were 8 cases recorded and handled by the PFA volunteers; 4 cases were from female TB patients, and the other 4 were from male TB patients, [...] In addition, had the PFA volunteers enough knowledge and capacity of Tuberculosis care and prevention, the program would have run more easily and more people would engage in the program.

Paragraph 12, page 323

 The Government of Makassar City and Gowa District have received support from UNICEF in the 2017-2019 period to increase the coverage of birth certificate ownership in their respective regions.[...] Two teams of 100 staffs and volunteers were deployed to implement the program in Makassar City and the surrounding islands.

Paragraph 13, page 328

Lokadaya contains three main features, namely “Power Raising”, “Partner Profile”, and “Change Story”. The “Power Raising” feature is an arena for raising resources in the form of public donations, non-fund donations (volunteering, equipment, tools or other asset support), as well as partnerships or collaborations.

No mention
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