Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP, 2022)
Population (UNFPA, 2023)
47.5 milion
Total number of volunteers (ILO, 2015)
Direct volunteering (ILO, 2015)
Organization-based (ILO, 2015)

Volunteer statistics (ILO)*

Source: ILOSTATS. The data is collected by ILO from national statistical offices. As national statistics on volunteer work are produced using a variety of approaches and tools, direct and cross-country comparisons are not recommended. For more information, visit


Total volunteering by type

Total volunteering by age group

Total volunteering by gender

Direct volunteering by gender

Organization-based volunteering by gender

Measurement work

Data source

  • 2007
  • 2008
  • 2009
  • 2010
  • 2011
  • 2012
  • 2013
  • 2014
  • 2015
    • Social Survey
  • 2016
  • 2017
  • 2018
  • 2019
  • 2020
  • 2021
  • 2022
  • 2023
  • 2024

Laws, Policies, Schemes on Volunteering

Does the country have a piece of legislation on volunteering?


Ley 45/2015, de 14 de octubre, de Voluntariado / Law no. 45/2015 on Volunteering

Year 2015
View source

Does the country have a national policy, scheme, plan or strategy specific to volunteering?

No data

Does the country have a sectoral and cross-sectoral policy, scheme, plan or strategy that mentions volunteering?


VNR Reporting

Voluntary National Review

View source

Reporting positive contribution of volunteering to the SDGs

Paragraph 1, page 19

In an outstanding exercise of shared construction, on 9 April the Congress of Deputies hosted the most important event in this process, organized by thirteen networks and platforms, three nationwide trade unions, twenty-five civil society organizations and four university research institutes and study centres. Noteworthy among these organizations is the Third-Sector Platform, which includes Spain’s Volunteering Platform, the European Anti-Poverty Network in Spain, the Social Action NGO Platform, the Spanish Committee of Representatives of Persons with Disabilities, the Coordination Body for Non-Governmental Development Organizations, (NGDOs), the Platform for Children, the Spanish Red Cross, Caritas, and Spain’s National Organization of the Blind (ONCE).

Paragraph 2, page 26

For example, the Platform of the Third Sector is composed of 20 organizations and represents about 30,000 entities, of which 645,000 workers and 1,300,000 volunteers form part.

Paragraph 3, page 165

Measures implemented by the Community of Madrid: Volunteering Strategy of the Community of Madrid (2017-2021)

No mention


View source

Reporting positive contribution of volunteering to the SDGs

Paragraph 1, page 35

The autonomous communities and local authorities have a wide range of measures aimed at reducing poverty, inequality and social exclusion. However, similar to the central Government, many of these actions are framed within the COVID response. [...] Plans for volunteering and participation, as a mechanism for tackling inequality and social exclusion.

Paragraph 2, page 105

Cantabria – Promotion of education for social transformation by empowering the associative structure, volunteering and active participation of civil society through various grant schemes. [...] Castile and León – Grants to promote education for global citizenship by developing education and social awareness, volunteering and the active participation of society.

Paragraph 3, page 144

Contributions from the autonomous communities and local entities [...] Home volunteering programmes for elderly people and creating spaces, environments and networks for caring for people in vulnerable or isolated positions and/or who lack autonomy.

Paragraph 4, page 285

Promotion of the transformative role of an active, critical citizenship committed to social change by strengthening education for sustainable development and global citizenship, and promoting volunteerism in global affairs, providing sufficient resources, in line with the areas of action prioritized by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

Paragraph 5, page 326

The institutional commitment that frames the definition of the 2030 Sustainable Development Strategy would not have been possible without the drive of multiple wide-ranging civil society groups and organizations. These organizations are key players in bringing global frameworks for action for sustainable development closer to the public and ensuring they relate to people’s concerns, increasing their knowledge and raising awareness to promote transformational behaviour in pursuit of sustainable development, as well as initiatives and practices such as volunteering, acting from the local to the global.

No mention
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